The Sunnah refers to the sayings and practices of the Prophet Muhammad and is the second source of knowledge for Muslims. Muhammad is considered to be a perfect model. This can be seen at prayer time or Salat – whilst the Qur’an explains when and how one should pray, Muslims use the example of Muhammad to know what words and movements to use during prayer.
Fard or faridah in Islam is a religious duty commanded by God. Muslims who obey such commands or duties are said to receive thwab each time for each good deed.